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On March 11, 1948

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On March 11 1948 the Jewish Agency in Jerusalem was bombed, what is the story behind that? And when did the state of Israel be formed


The bombing of the Jewish Agency in Jerusalem on March 11, 1948, was a significant event during the period leading up to the establishment of the State of Israel. The Jewish Agency was a key organization representing the Jewish community in British Mandate Palestine and played a crucial role in the Zionist movement.

The bombing was carried out by the militant group known as the Irgun, also known as Etzel, which was a Jewish paramilitary organization seeking to establish a Jewish state in Palestine through armed struggle against British rule and Arab opposition. The attack was part of the Irgun’s campaign against British authorities, who were viewed by many in the Jewish community as obstructing the establishment of a Jewish state.

The bombing targeted the headquarters of the Jewish Agency, which was a symbol of Jewish aspirations for statehood. The attack resulted in casualties and significant damage to the building.

The State of Israel was officially declared on May 14, 1948. This declaration followed the termination of the British Mandate for Palestine and the subsequent withdrawal of British forces from the region. It was a culmination of decades of Zionist efforts to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, as well as a response to the atrocities of World War II, particularly the Holocaust.

The declaration of the State of Israel was met with immediate recognition by some countries and war with neighboring Arab states, marking the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict.


Title: The Irgun (Etzel) and the Struggle for a Jewish State in Palestine

Introduction: The Irgun, also known as Etzel (an acronym for Irgun Tzvai Leumi), was a paramilitary organization operating in British Mandate Palestine during the mid-20th century. Founded in 1931 as a splinter group from the Haganah, the mainstream Jewish defense organization at the time, the Irgun pursued an aggressive agenda aimed at establishing a Jewish state in Palestine through armed struggle. This article explores the history, ideology, and actions of the Irgun, shedding light on its role in the struggle for Jewish sovereignty in the region.

Background: The roots of the Irgun can be traced back to the early years of Jewish immigration to Palestine during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As Jewish immigration increased, tensions between Jewish settlers and the Arab population escalated, exacerbated by British policies that limited Jewish land acquisition and immigration. The rise of Arab nationalism and the Arab Revolt of 1936-1939 further fueled the conflict.

Formation and Ideology: The Irgun emerged as a response to perceived British betrayal of Jewish aspirations for statehood. Led by Revisionist Zionist leader Ze’ev Jabotinsky and later by Menachem Begin, the Irgun rejected the conciliatory approach of the mainstream Zionist leadership and advocated for a more militant stance. Its ideology, rooted in Revisionist Zionism, emphasized Jewish self-defense, defiance of British authority, and the use of force to achieve political goals.

Struggle Against British Rule: The Irgun’s primary objective was to drive the British out of Palestine and establish a Jewish state. To this end, it engaged in a campaign of sabotage, bombings, and attacks against British military and administrative targets. One of the most infamous incidents attributed to the Irgun was the bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem in 1946, which resulted in numerous casualties and drew international attention to the conflict in Palestine.

Collaboration and Conflict: While the Irgun shared common goals with other Jewish paramilitary groups, such as the Haganah and the Stern Gang (Lehi), it often operated independently and clashed with these organizations over tactics and strategy. The Irgun’s willingness to target civilians and its uncompromising approach alienated some within the Jewish community, leading to tensions with mainstream Zionist leaders.

Legacy and Impact: Despite its relatively small size and controversial methods, the Irgun played a significant role in shaping the course of Jewish history in Palestine. Its actions drew attention to the plight of Jews in Palestine and contributed to international pressure on the British to end their mandate. Moreover, the Irgun’s leaders, including Menachem Begin, went on to play prominent roles in the establishment and governance of the State of Israel.

Conclusion: The Irgun, or Etzel, remains a controversial and divisive figure in the history of Israel and the broader Zionist movement. While some view it as a heroic resistance movement that fought for Jewish liberation, others condemn its tactics as immoral and counterproductive. Nevertheless, the Irgun’s legacy endures as a testament to the complex and tumultuous struggle for Jewish statehood in Palestine.

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