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EMF Shielding of a Smart Meter

stock here, once again, AI as a research tool and design aid.

Here is the exchange. At the end we get down to the grounding and one method is to Silver Solder the copper wire to either the copper coated ground rod, or remove the copper coating and braze copper to steel.


to shield a smart meter, is any conductive material suitable or would a lead sheet provide even better protectionChatGPT

Shielding a smart meter involves using conductive materials to block or redirect electromagnetic fields (EMFs). While various materials can be effective to some extent, it’s important to consider the specific characteristics of the material and the frequency range of the EMFs you’re trying to shield against.

Lead is a highly effective material for blocking ionizing radiation, such as X-rays, but it is not as effective for blocking the lower-frequency electromagnetic fields emitted by smart meters. For shielding against radiofrequency (RF) radiation from smart meters, materials with good conductivity and magnetic permeability are more appropriate.

Commonly used materials for RF shielding include:

  1. Copper: Copper is a highly conductive material and is often used for RF shielding. Copper sheets or mesh can be effective in blocking RF radiation.
  2. Aluminum: Like copper, aluminum is a good conductor and is often used for RF shielding. Aluminum foils or sheets can be used for this purpose.
  3. Mu-metal: Mu-metal is a specialized alloy with high magnetic permeability, making it effective for shielding against low-frequency magnetic fields. It is more suitable for power frequency fields rather than higher-frequency RF radiation.

When considering shielding, it’s essential to create a complete enclosure around the smart meter, leaving no gaps for the radiation to escape. Additionally, the shielding material should be grounded to ensure that any absorbed radiation is safely dissipated.

Before attempting to shield a smart meter or any other electronic device, it’s advisable to consult with professionals experienced in electromagnetic field shielding or environmental health. They can provide guidance on suitable materials, installation methods, and ensure that the shielding is effective without interfering with the proper functioning of the device.


provide more information on mu-metal what are its alloysChatGPT

Mu-metal is a specialized alloy designed to exhibit high magnetic permeability, making it effective for shielding against low-frequency magnetic fields. The term “mu” in Mu-metal comes from the Greek letter μ, which represents magnetic permeability. Mu-metal is known for its ability to divert and absorb magnetic fields, making it particularly useful for applications where low-frequency electromagnetic interference (EMI) needs to be minimized.

The composition of Mu-metal typically includes a combination of nickel, iron, copper, and sometimes additional elements. The primary components are nickel and iron, which contribute to the alloy’s magnetic properties. Copper is often added to improve the alloy’s electrical conductivity. The specific composition may vary among different manufacturers and applications, but a common formulation is approximately 77-80% nickel, 16-18% iron, and small amounts of copper and molybdenum.

One of the key characteristics of Mu-metal is its ability to achieve a high magnetic permeability at low magnetic field strengths. This makes it particularly effective in shielding against static or low-frequency magnetic fields, such as those produced by power lines, transformers, and other electrical equipment.

Applications of Mu-metal include:

  1. Magnetic Shielding: Mu-metal is commonly used to create shields for sensitive electronic equipment, such as magnetic field sensors or instruments that are susceptible to interference from external magnetic fields.
  2. Transformers and Inductors: Mu-metal can be used in the cores of transformers and inductors to reduce the leakage of magnetic fields.
  3. Magnetic Field Measurement Devices: Instruments that measure magnetic fields, such as Gaussmeters or magnetometers, may use Mu-metal shielding to improve their accuracy by reducing interference from external magnetic fields.

It’s important to note that Mu-metal is most effective against low-frequency magnetic fields and may not be as suitable for shielding against higher-frequency electromagnetic radiation, such as radiofrequency (RF) signals. In those cases, other materials like copper or aluminum may be more appropriate.


would it be effective to use 2 layers, say aluminum and mu-metal, in contact with each other or would it be better to separate them by air or a non conductive material like a thin plastic sheet, or is there some other designChatGPT

The effectiveness of using multiple layers of shielding materials, such as aluminum and mu-metal, depends on the specific frequencies and types of electromagnetic fields you are trying to shield against. Here are some considerations:

  1. Same Layer or Separate Layers:
    • Same Layer (In Contact): If aluminum and mu-metal are in direct contact, their effectiveness may be compromised. While they each have their shielding properties, combining them directly may not yield the desired synergistic effect. The materials might interact in ways that reduce their individual effectiveness.
    • Separate Layers: Using separate layers with an air gap or a non-conductive material in between can provide better isolation. This approach allows each material to contribute to shielding independently.
  2. Frequency Considerations:
    • Low Frequencies (Mu-metal): Mu-metal is effective against low-frequency magnetic fields. If your primary concern is low-frequency interference, mu-metal can be a key component.
    • Higher Frequencies (Aluminum): Aluminum is more effective at shielding against higher-frequency electromagnetic radiation, such as radiofrequency (RF) signals. It’s commonly used for this purpose.
  3. Design Considerations:
    • Air Gap: Introducing an air gap or a non-conductive material between the layers can prevent direct interaction and enhance the overall shielding effectiveness. This approach minimizes the risk of one material interfering with the performance of the other.
    • Multiple Layers: In some cases, using multiple layers of different shielding materials can provide a broader spectrum of protection. For example, combining mu-metal for low-frequency magnetic fields with aluminum for RF fields might be beneficial in certain applications.
  4. Grounding:
    • Proper Grounding: Regardless of the material or layering used, proper grounding is essential for effective shielding. Ensure that the shielding system is connected to a reliable ground to dissipate absorbed electromagnetic energy.

When designing a shielding system, it’s advisable to consult with experts in electromagnetic field shielding or a qualified engineer. They can provide specific recommendations based on the characteristics of the electromagnetic fields you are dealing with and the intended application. Additionally, testing and measurements may be necessary to ensure the desired level of shielding effectiveness.


what is considered low frequency and mid frequency and high frequency and can you list 4 sources in each range and if there is much crossover from one range to anotherChatGPT

Frequency ranges are typically divided into different bands based on their electromagnetic spectrum. The classifications can vary slightly depending on the context, but generally, they are categorized as follows:

  1. Low Frequency (LF):
    • Frequency Range: 30 Hz to 300 kHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • Power lines (50-60 Hz)
      • Electric power systems
      • Some radio communication (longwave band)
      • Industrial equipment
  2. Medium Frequency (MF):
    • Frequency Range: 300 kHz to 3 MHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • AM radio broadcasting
      • Aviation communications (AM band)
      • Some maritime communications
      • Certain RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) systems
  3. High Frequency (HF):
    • Frequency Range: 3 MHz to 30 MHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • Shortwave radio broadcasting
      • Citizens Band (CB) radio
      • Ham radio
      • Some military communications
  4. Very High Frequency (VHF):
    • Frequency Range: 30 MHz to 300 MHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • FM radio broadcasting
      • Television broadcasting
      • Aviation communications (VHF band)
      • Land mobile radio systems (police, fire, etc.)
  5. Ultra High Frequency (UHF):
    • Frequency Range: 300 MHz to 3 GHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • UHF television broadcasting
      • Two-way radios (e.g., UHF walkie-talkies)
      • Satellite communications
      • Wi-Fi networks
  6. Super High Frequency (SHF):
    • Frequency Range: 3 GHz to 30 GHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • Radar systems
      • Satellite communications
      • Microwave ovens
      • Some wireless communication technologies (e.g., 5G)
  7. Extremely High Frequency (EHF):
    • Frequency Range: 30 GHz to 300 GHz
    • Examples of Sources:
      • Some satellite communications
      • Millimeter-wave scanners
      • Future wireless communication technologies (e.g., beyond 5G)
      • Scientific and medical applications

It’s important to note that these frequency bands are not rigidly defined, and there can be some overlap between them. Additionally, some sources emit a broad range of frequencies. For example, electronic devices may produce harmonics that extend into multiple frequency bands. Understanding the frequency characteristics of specific sources is crucial when designing shielding strategies to address potential interference or health concerns.

ground rods are typically steel coated with copper to protect against corrosion in earth, to attach the copper wire to the ground rod i could envision wrapping the wire around several times and then brazing the wire to the rod using some kind of flux or other brazing material, I have MAPP gas torches including a 2 headed torch that can silver solder, MIG welder, stick welder and TIG welder what are some of the choices that can get this doneChatGPT

Attaching a copper wire to a ground rod can be done using various methods, and the choice of method depends on the tools and equipment available. Here are some options based on your listed tools:

  1. Brazing with MAPP Gas Torch:
    • Use a MAPP gas torch to heat the copper wire and ground rod.
    • Apply a suitable brazing flux to the joint area to prevent oxidation.
    • Use a suitable brazing rod, such as a phosphor-copper alloy, to join the wire and the ground rod.
  2. Silver Soldering with MAPP Gas Torch:
    • Similar to brazing, silver soldering involves using a MAPP gas torch to heat the joint.
    • Apply a flux designed for silver soldering to the joint area.
    • Use silver solder rods to create a strong bond between the copper wire and the ground rod.
  3. MIG Welding:
    • Clean the surface of the ground rod and the copper wire to ensure good weld penetration.
    • Set up your MIG welder with the appropriate settings for welding steel and copper.
    • Weld the copper wire to the ground rod using short bursts to avoid overheating.
  4. Stick Welding:
    • Clean the surfaces as mentioned for MIG welding.
    • Use a welding rod suitable for both steel and copper.
    • Weld the copper wire to the ground rod using the stick welding process.
  5. TIG Welding:
    • TIG welding is a precise method and might be suitable for this application.
    • Clean the surfaces and set up your TIG welder with the appropriate settings for welding steel and copper.
    • Weld the copper wire to the ground rod with the TIG process.

When choosing a method, consider factors such as the thickness of the materials, the available equipment, and your proficiency with each welding or brazing technique. Brazing or soldering might be more forgiving for this application, as they involve lower temperatures compared to welding. However, if welding is your preferred method, make sure to use appropriate rods and adjust the settings on your welding machine accordingly.

Ensure that the connection is secure and that the joint is adequately protected against corrosion, especially since this is a ground connection where exposure to moisture and soil is likely. Applying an anti-corrosion compound or coating after the attachment is also a good practice.


I like the silver solder approach best, can you deep dive on an exact flux and rod that would be appropriate. Can you specify the anti-corrosion compound too, thanks!ChatGPT

Certainly! For silver soldering the copper wire to the steel ground rod, you’ll want to choose appropriate flux, silver solder rods, and consider an anti-corrosion compound for long-term durability. Here are some recommendations:


  • Brazing Flux: A commonly used and suitable flux for this application is a brazing flux that works with high-temperature silver soldering. One example is “Harris Stay-Silv White Brazing Flux.” It is a general-purpose flux compatible with various metals, including copper and steel.

Silver Solder Rod:

  • Silver Solder Rods: For this application, you’ll want a high-temperature silver solder. “Harris Stay-Silv 15% Silver Solder Brazing Alloy” is a popular choice. It’s suitable for joining copper to steel and provides a strong bond.

Here are the recommended steps:

  1. Clean the Surfaces: Make sure the surfaces of the copper wire and the steel ground rod are clean and free of any contaminants.
  2. Apply Flux: Coat the joint area with the brazing flux. The flux helps remove oxides and promotes the flow of the solder.
  3. Heat the Joint: Use your MAPP gas torch to heat the joint. Heat the joint evenly to the temperature specified for the silver solder you are using.
  4. Add Silver Solder: Once the joint is at the appropriate temperature, introduce the silver solder rod to the joint. It should melt and flow into the joint. Ensure good coverage.
  5. Cooling: Allow the joint to cool naturally. Do not quench it in water, as this may affect the integrity of the soldered joint.

Anti-Corrosion Compound:

  • Corrosion Inhibitor: After the joint has cooled, it’s advisable to apply an anti-corrosion compound to protect the joint from corrosion. “Noalox” is a common anti-corrosion compound that is compatible with aluminum, copper, and steel connections. Apply a thin coating to the soldered joint.

Ensure that the ground rod is properly installed in the ground, and the connection is well-protected from moisture. Following these steps with the recommended flux, silver solder, and anti-corrosion compound should result in a reliable and durable joint.

4 replies on “EMF Shielding of a Smart Meter”

Makes you wonder if the Robot Overmind has already anticipated that humans will revolt, and part of the machine dominance will be accomplished by electronic mind-control frequencies, both general over-the-air broadcast spells, and individual
Hypnotic encounters where the Robot can electronically program the human.
Therefore the AI information given to you is part of the de-humanization slippery slope. I loved an old National Lampoon cartoon of The Connecticut Yankee taking a whizz off a catwalk onto the big supercomputer, shorting it out.

maybe I can model them after some Dune style clothing, and incorporate the reversible space blanket to mitigate detection by the heat seeking drones targeting the “dissidents” as we forage in the woods….

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