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Tuesday, January 31, 2012

Death Throes O' Bronto

There are so many problems at Nukes now, it is almost like a Brontosaurus caught in a tar pit, begging for a mercy kill.    Indeed, let's help them, encourage your regulators and politicians to Shut Them All Down.

This is the second plant in the US! to be scrammed after loss of off site power, even though they have "4 lines coming into the plant", hows all that redundancy working out for ya?!

Exelon Corp’s (NYSE: EXC) 1,136 MW Unit 2 at the Byron nuclear power plant in Illinois shut down Jan. 30 after a loss of off-site power.
According to the Chicago Tribune, Exelon declared an unusual event at the plant the morning of Jan. 30. A spokeswoman was quoted as saying Exelon was looking into the trip and there was a transformer issue and reports of smoke.
The 1,164 MW Unit 1 continues to operate at full power.
This is the second nuclear power plant in as many weeks to shut down because of a loss of off-site power. On Jan. 16, the 1,200 MW Wolf Creek nuclear power plant in Kansas was shut down after a circuit breaker in a switchyard failed, causing the loss of power to the plant. The plant is still shut down.

 I am a Subscriber to "Power Engineering", somewhat balanced not overtly pro-nuke.

Sunday, January 29, 2012

TEPCO causes leaks via negligence

The company said the leak forced the system to stop for one hour and 40 minutes, but the pool's temperature did not rise.

Tokyo Electric said 7 tons of water had leaked from the No.6 reactor.

The temperature fell to minus 8 degrees Celsius on Sunday morning near the damaged plant.

Ruptured pipes caused 3 water leaks on the previous day.

Tokyo Electric official Junichi Matsumoto admitted that the utility failed to take sufficient steps to prevent frozen pipes. He said it will take quick action to protect the pipes from the cold weather.

Thursday, January 26, 2012

The Commission noted that it was specifically not tasked with rendering any opinion on the suitability of Yucca Mountain, proposing any specific site for a waste management facility, or offering any opinion on the role of nuclear power in the nation's energy supply mix.
The U.S. currently has more than 65,000 tons of spent nuclear fuel stored at about 75 operating and shutdown reactor sites around the country. More than 2,000 tons are being produced each year. The DOE also is storing an additional 2,500 tons of spent fuel and large volumes of high-level nuclear waste, mostly from past weapons programs, at a handful of government-owned sites. 

The link to the full report doesn't actually work

Funny how that works....a battle of time, and energy, and money, and the powers that be seem to have unlimited amounts of those.   Always a pat answer to swat back any request.

Prussian Blue

I used the letter to below to get Prussian Blue

It Worked.
Doctor Okimoto,

You saw me a few weeks back.

I would like to obtain some Radiogardase to have on hand should the Fukushima incident take a turn for the even worse.   This is also known as Prussian Blue, and it eliminates Cesium and Thalium from the body, with little or no side effects. 

The CDC stocks it. 

Appreciate you looking at this and providing a prescription, as a prescription is required.

Per the Manufacturer, attached Pharmacy will overnight to me.   You can call in the prescription or fax in, I spoke with Richard who is a pharmacist at the pharmacy.

They will then call me to arrange delivery

Thank you very much for your anticipated help on this matter.  If the UHA prescription coverage can help in any way, that would be great also.   I think this is $130 for 36 pills, and Richard said they must be sold in units of 36.

Dosing information available at website below: Easy to find just Google-- Radiogardase.

It appears that minimum dose for adult is 6 pills per day ( 3 grams), so it seems like 72 pills would cover me for 12 days, and fit my “budget” also.

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Letterman Top Ten Reasons Japan Hid the Nuke Risk

David Letterman should be all over that one.

Top Ten Reasons Japan Hid the Nuke Risk:
10) All the Godzilla and Mothra movies had folks on edge.
9) They didn't want to start a run on dust masks.
8) They almost had the Chinese convinced Nuclear power was cheap and harmless.
7) They hired that guy who works for Mr. Burns on The Simpsons as their PR Ace.
6)...feel free to stop me anytime...
­okay...The­y didn't want the public to know the lowest bidder did not get the job. 
5) The cleanup was outsourced to some guys with snow shovels, some lysol and a lot of cat litter. 
4)The technician­s had just hosted a community marshmallo­w roast. 
3) The guy who pronounced the site safe after the disaster had just been released from the asylum. 
2) It wasn't the top item on their agenda that meeting. And finally, 
Number one reason: They didn't want to scare off the Eco-touris­m Conference in Kyoto! Thank you. I told you to stop me anytime. 
on Fluffpost

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Vermont Yankee Lawsuit the Actual Text 102 pages

And here is the Judge's ruling, 102 pages, seems kind of long.  Really the conclusion is pages 99 to 102.

Below are quote from the judge's ruling, he would issue relief which in this case means relief to New York Yankee and allow them to continue operating even though past their operational approval limit of 40 years. even though they have has multiple problems at the plant and even though the State no longer wanted them operating.   He says the public interest would be served by issuing permanent injunctions against the state to block the nuke plant from operating==and the he compared the nuke plant case to an Ebay case

Finally, the public interest would not be disserved bythe issuance of the following permanent injunctions. See eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, LLC, 547
U.S. 388, 391 (2006).

And then interestingly enough, he makes a reference to a Pawn Shop Case As a justification for making very specific injunctions which are actually very specific  to a broad rang of things they cant do to shut down he yankee. 

Mindful that relief must be “narrowly tailored to fit specific legal violations,” City of
N.Y. v. Mickalis Pawn Shop, LLC, 645 F.3d 114, 144 (2d Cir. 2011), the Court orders, for the
reasons described in this opinion, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(d), the following permanent injunctive

Vermont Yankee ruling.pdf

And here is where I got it from

Monday, January 23, 2012

The lie of the "new nuclear" being safe

fireofenergy=said on a Huffpost blog

Reactors based on water for cooling is just plain ego in the face of opposites. Water will turn to hydrogen, explode and disperse toxic and radioactiv
­e elements for many miles. That's a worst case. Multiply that by some 450 plants around the world... Somethings bound to happen (and so it did in Japan).

Now, cool a reactor with a NON pressurize­d substance, and nothing will be dispersed in any explosive manner. So what then is the worst case? Multiply that by, say, 10,000 (needed to displace ALL other sources). What would happen. Nothing because reactors such as LFTR can't meltdown and thus can't expel it's toxic and radioactiv­e mix. As long as the "room" was built strong enough to withstand a major Earthquake (and direct attack), no leakage into ground water, either! So the only "problems" would be periodic parts replacemen­ts (which would be more frequent than the LWR's due to higher temps).
Since LFTR is like 200 times more efficient, the waste issue would be much easier to deal with.
The future has been passed up by the need to make money off of inefficien­cy. That, and a lack of understand­ing leading to fear, are the ONLY problems with LFTR and its kind.

Uh yeah, so non combine highly corrosive salts, with highly radioactive substances, and high temperatures, and high pressures, and then have them built by the lowest bidder that has also accomplished regulatory capture. Now also make sure that at least 1,000,000 various parts are needed to make the thing work. Now make sure that no terrorist could damage it. Now protect the used fuel products for 100,000 years.

OK, great, no problem looks like your precious little science is just perfect.

UNLESS you would prefer clean safe solar electric, for 2.9 cent per kWH and with no evacuation zone!

Here is the proof. Real data

Primary Containment

The primary containment is now mother earth, your drinking water, your rain, your air, your food.

said in response to a troll infiltrating a "pro-reality" site

Sunday, January 22, 2012

Northern Lights, Just Plain Cool!

Earth | Time Lapse View from Space, Fly Over | NASA, ISS from Michael K├Ânig on Vimeo.

Solar Electric / Photovoltaic -- Cost per kWH

There are lots of PNP's (pro nuke pimps) out there talking complete garbage such as Solar PV costs 70 cents per kWH.

The Real Cost to Implement PV Solar Electric has dropped to 2.94 Cents per KWH !!!

The world has changed underneath their feet, they don't want to have to learn a new livelihood even they are killing us slowly and sometimes more quickly. More quickly if you unfortunate enough to have inhaled some of the plutonium hot particles that were launched in the jet stream when reactor 3 blew sky-high. Information on that is here:


Cancer Risk To Young Children Near Fukushima Daiichi Underestimated



And to last week's weak report from Frontline, a retort/review


Nuke requires miracle to not blow up

HERE is a pro-nuker commenting on fluff-post.   He basically says "We count on continuous miracles to keep our nukes running and not blowing up."  Well Said Mr. PNP.

Commented 2 hours ago in New York

“Boiling water is not too hard, but generating the heat to raise high-press­ure steam inside a sealed vessel for many months on end is damned close to a miracle.

Steam generation of electricit­y is one of the great advances of humanity that has allowed billions to improve their life beyond anything dreamed of prior. Supplying that reliably and continuous­ly without air pollution is a boon to humanity.”


"high-pres­s­ure steam inside a sealed vessel for many months on end is damned close to a miracle. "

Exactly, pro nukers are relying on a "miracle" to keep their toys running at 75 times atmospheri­c pressure, using the dangerous stuff on earth. And not just running for a few months, running for 60 years, with metals that have been bombarded by the strongest radiation, damaging those metals.

You have said it perfectly, you count on a miracle. And if your miracle fails for even a few hours, then WE get dosed with the contaminat­ion from your little toys that stroke you ego playing in godlike manner to turn matter directly into energy. There have been 99 SIGNIFICAN­T accidents, what say you to that, here are those accidents.


Friday, January 20, 2012

The World Population is 5% of the way to being "Contaminated Meat"

And that is with this one recent discovery of one pond of water.

From ENENEWS, thanks to Admin for doing the basic calcs.

Title: Radioactive water found in work pits at Fukushima plant
Source: AJW by The Asahi Shimbun
Date: January 20, 2012
[...] About 500 tons of water was found in the pit of the No. 2 reactor, while about 600 tons was discovered at the No. 3 reactor pit.
Radioactive concentrations for cesium were 16,200 becquerels per cubic centimeter near the No. 2 reactor and 860 becquerels near the No. 3 reactor.
Read the report here
Water with cesium at 16,200 Bq/cm³ * 1,000 cm³/liter = 16,200,000 Bq/liter * 1,000 liters/metric ton = 16,200,000,000 Bq/metric ton * 500 tons = 8,100,000,000,000 Bq (8.1 trillion Bq or 8.1 terabecquerels) of cesium in 500 ton pit
By me

So in that one pond, if that radiation were distributed euqally among the 6B world population each person could have 1350 Bq of Cesium, or 27 Bq per kilogram of body weight.

As we know, limits of 500 Bq per kG are quite high, and above that limit most countries wouldn't allow meat to be sold. 

So this one pond that they just found, is enough to give the entire human race a 5% kick (500 Bq/kg / 27 Bq/Kg) towards being "radioactive meat"

Nice, just this one pond that they just found.   Real nice.

How is that clean, safe, nuke power working out for all of you?

Thursday, January 19, 2012

Solar Storm -- Coming Soon, Carrington

Right now on Space Weather Dot Com,  A Class 3 Flare from a Sunspot, Erupting into a Magnetic Storm  that will hit Earth.

One day, one of these will be a "direct hit" on earth and will cause massive electrical interruption, similar to the Carrington Event of the in which damage was done even though there were hardly and wires or pipelines at the time.

That will knock out power and transformers, it could be extensive.   Power outages could be widespread and longlasting, because sure the industry has 100 large transformers that can be rapidly finished in production (as long as the manufacturing plant has electrical backup --hmmm---I wonder how many do), but not 10,000.    Outages could last years.

Of course, we can rest assured that the NRC (USA Nuclear Regulatory Commission) is 'investigating' increasing the battery backup for Nuke plants to go from 4 hours to 8 hours.   And y'all know what happens when nuke plants lose power, and their reactors and emergency systems (that in reality are never tested in a FULL DRESS REHEARSAL) create a meltdown.  

And y'all know what happens to those HUNDREDs of re-engineered, re-packed, spent fuel pools with the plutonium laden rods which REQUIRE cooling and pumping of treated cooling water continously.   Well they go in in a nuclear reaction, creating a fire, and possibly explosions of the most dangerous stuff on earth.    But REST ASSURED, the NRC got you covered with their new "8 hour rule", even though this Carrington outage might last years....with 400 spent fuel pool on fire and exploding plutonium throughout the US and the world.  

We can't fix all this in a year or two.    But we have to start now.   We are living on borrowed time.   An outside observer, a space alien perhaps, would laugh in a macabre way about the way we are killing ourselves to live "the good life" with plentiful power, putting our entire planet, our genetic heritage, our DNA, our very existence, at risk.   

Orwelian Clarity

Thanks. For those who think it’s just silliness:

RE-BUNK – restating a position that is not well-supported factually, or restating it with details changed. Serves to promote confusion, intended to support a weak or unsupportable position.

POST-BUNKING – pro-active and after-the-fact. Restates a position, or promotes false/misleading info
or adds false/misleading info in response to new or discovered conditions. May serve to reposition or even change a previously stated position or intention.

PRE-BUNKING – falsely positioning future intended acts or consequences, falsely framing terms of future discussion, serves to obfuscate and/or limit discovery through complete dialogue.
In a word – propaganda.

Truth is not the friend of nuke.    Be aware of false argumentative techniques.

This from or-well at ENENEWS who is also cranking out some good poetry.

The pro-nuclear skunks
in a post-Fuku funk
got so excited
they were grabbing their junk
from statistical trunks
trying to debunk
whatever numbers
that said it all stunk.
“Let’s rebunk the debunk
and crank up the spin,
muddy the waters
and have a Science Crap-In.
We’ve legions in Media
of post-bunking lunks -
we’ll give all the sheeple
a Pre-bunking dunk
so the next time it happens
they won’t realise we’ve shrunk
their populations.

 There’s then and there’s now
No need to get shirty
and call on heuristics
We get stuffed by the weather
whatever statistics.
Some will chaff chide and rebuff
when common sense says
one is more than enough.
I mean hot particles
and NPPs -
The program that powers
nuclear disease,
The pogromme, the putsch
the coup against life -
transuranic insanity
blithely defended
by crooks anti-humanity
and by power depraved -
to bring those ones down
will take many being brave.

Sunday, January 15, 2012

How Many Nuclear Engineers Needed to Change a Light Bulb

Apparently Changing a Light Bulb can almost lead to a melt down.....

Palisades nuclear plant accident investigated

It began with a light bulb.
Trying to fix a burned-out light bulb on an indicator button led to a serious incident that left the Palisades nuclear plant on Lake Michigan without half its electrical power on Sept. 25, 2011. A piece of equipment slipped while a worker was troubleshooting on a live electrical panel, causing an arc of electricity and a loss of half the indicators in the room that controls the reactor. Signals went haywire for a while. The plant shut down.

God's Poem

Super technology, right near the top,
Supposedly some of the best that we’ve got.
Illusion balloons
and with one simple pin
Mama Earth shows us the shape we are in.
“You nukular boyz play with dangerous toys
Now many are hurt it’s too late for coy.
I’ve given you so much for you to enjoy
Now I’ve gotten much more than just annoyed
I’ve got a tectonic paddle that roars
and I’ll wash out your mouths
as well as your shores!
If all of my children
with nukes you would kill
I’m ready to show you
a new kind of thrill
called species survival
against MY HOUSE ODDS!
Don’t think for a minute
I care for your prayers
and I don’t back down
from slayers or dares!
So if you don’t want
the extinction slap
you’d better shut down
all this nuclear crap!

Saturday, January 14, 2012

Friday, January 13, 2012

Plant in Kansas Shut Down KEEP EM DOWN,0,32902.story

The plant owners failed to address known problems, and these problems did in fact play out and cause a plant shutdown.

Greed, Ignorance, Denial.     Occasional human attributes do not mix with nuke.    Nature and Acts of god do not mix with nuke.     Earth does not mix with nuke.

Shut them all Down!

MP3 Interview with the Authors of the 14000 dead

This from "Nuclear Hotseat" which is a great resource

Here it is Embedded into this Site

Poll For Approving Nukes or Not

Please visit and cast your vote

Wednesday, January 11, 2012

Fuel Rods in the Rubble

Exposing Some of the "Big Lies"

Plutonium Fuel Rods laying in the rubble!

Caught this from a TEPCO released sampling video. Raw Uranium Pellets just lying in the rubble, very clear cut. Maybe MOX too. Maybe some experimental fuels too. Very odd stuff these rods in the rubble.

You just have to wonder if they weren't doing some type of research at Fukushima, and of course this type of thing wouldn't be publicized.

Here is a link just found December 2011, which shows fuel pellets made in France that look exactly like those shown in the video. Also keep in mind that the "official news" reported fuel pellets found over 2 miles from the plants.

And here is another link--

Here is the video, around 4:20 in are these closeups

Monday, January 9, 2012

List of nukes under construction

And one powerful video on Japan and this Radiation, Dont Worry, be Happy

I got this straight from the horses mouth,

Dear Mr Ish,

Attached I am sending you a list of reactors currently registered in PRIS as “in operation”.

Best regards,
Jiri Mandula

Nuclear Power Engineering Section
Division of Nuclear Power
IAEA, Vienna
Tel: +431 2600 22788
Fax: +431 2600 29598

Sunday, January 8, 2012

What should the average person be doing now for basic protection

The biggest thing is “internal emitters” once you get a Hot Particle in your body, it is way way more dangerous than just walking by a radioactive zone.

Those internal emitters can stay for quite awhile and blast away at the particular cells they are next too.  This continued bludgeoning of nearby cells can create a double double strand break and when they recombine they can recombine wrong, and be a start of cancer.

Rain brings radiation down, for sure

1)      Minimize activity in the rain, wear a poncho

2)      Run 2 or 3 HEPA filters in your house, best to throw away the filter, but you can blow it off but that re-releases particles to your neighborhood.  You should be doing this anyway, but do it more now, run them 24/7

3)      Take anti-oxidants, they get rid of free radicals which is one of the things caused by radiation.  Vitamin C and E are common and cheap.   You should be doing this anyway

4)      Run a charcoal filter (at least) for your drinking water, really consider doing an RO system, it doesn’t have to be for whole house, just your drinking water supply, even for the shower is not really needed unless for some reason you know that you got really bad water.   You should be doing this anyway.

5)      When you hear any Corporate Troll or Gov official stating “There is no immediate danger” put your ears up like a German Shepherd and listen hard to what they are not saying or what they are trying to avoid saying.   Go visit some tin-foil hat blogs like this one….they got some crazies (sorry its true) but also some really info, and the third one, an ex-nuke guy.  You should be doing this anyway.

6)      Build your “Shelter in Place” box of supplies, It is also good as a “to go” box, probably 2 big boxes actually.

See all you have to do extra is stay out of the rain!   LOL Stay safe

Blogs and Support

See those blogs on my blog list, some of the best.

For some places like ENENEWS, SKF, Big Arnie, they are providing information that you cannot get on main stream media.   There is no charge for this hard work.
They can get advertising revenue from their websites, and this might be modest, but it helps, there are costs and time involved.

Consider visiting sponsors that catch your eye and have products you might use.   The blogs get financial benefit even if you don't purchase.   Like a TV ad, you don't have to buy, but the advertiser pays to get their message out.  I sure wish that more HEPA filters, radiation detectors, and the like started advertising on these sites, we can really use that stuff.

Uranium in Air

Conclusion – Fukushima really blew up, launching TONS of Uranium and Plutonium into the atmosphere.

HERE is all the supporting information

My max estimate is 195 TONS of Uranium, and it may certainly be less based on assumptions made, but the bottom line is that a huge amount of Uranium was exploded and aerosolized.

The quantity of tons aerosolized can be estimated by using official Government data, in particular Exhibit F-1 which is a 4/5/2011 publication of the EPA Radnet.    Their website is very complicated to navigate, and I can no longer find this PDF file on  their website, I have archived a copy to my computer.

Exh F-1 Shows 130 aCi/M3 of URANIUM in air, in Honolulu, with similar amount in Kauai, and even more in Guam.

The “Background” amount of Uranium in Air in Honolulu is around 5 aCi/M3,  thus making the measured Uranium 2600% higher than Background  .   See Table 9 from the EPA for this data.

Using a dispersion simulator, printout attached as Exh G-1, and with help of Google Earth (Exhibit G2 and G3) I calculate an affected area, which is about 2800 miles by 4900 miles.
Here is the simulator.

Now to make an estimate of affected volume of air, we need to select a height, I selected 8 miles.
The meat of the calculations are on Exhibit C-1, which is the next page

195 Tons Of Uranium!
Lets do a sensitivity analysis on the assumptions.   What if the affected area is 50% of the size the simulator shows, then use a multiplier of 0.5.

What if the height of the affected air is only more like 2 miles instead of 8, uses a multiplier of 0.25
195 tons *.5*.25= 24 Tons (Conservative Estimate)

Under the Conservative Estimate, and using .89% Plutonium per Table 1, this would be 433 pounds of Plutonium aerosolized.   

Truth is not the friend of Nuke,
No wonder this stuff has to be covered up.

Backup and Calcs here!

Conversations of Nuke

 LIE EXPOSED on Fluffpost
1 hour ago( 2:34 PM)
Actually Germany is busy replacing nuclear with coal and gas, murdering thousands annually from the air pollution. They get almost no energy from wind or solar.

That is a complete bald faced lie.
Germany gets 18 BILLLION kWH per year from renewable.

That is about 20% of their total demand, and this stuff is changing, accelerate rapidly in deployment with reduced costs.

I can do a residential size system that generates at 2.9 cent per kWH with no evacuation zone!

Germanys output would be equal to 3 plants at Daiichi, running continuous for a year (note that 4,5,6 were already shut down at time of quake)

This is a good start, the world is changing underneath your feet and you are stuck in your past paradigms.    Even smart people are fooled by what they have been comfortable in "learning" over a long period. 

Plus chicks dig clean energy, and they hate nuke.

Good historical radiation website

We been dosed before, and it was covered up before.

Unless we Shut them All Down, we will get dosed again.

$500M Subsidy per nuke per year, your tax dollars at work.

Subsidies of $500M per nuke plant per year, coming out of your pocket, your tax dollars!

Saturday, January 7, 2012

Comments to NRC - Send an Email

The Tag Line of NRC is

"Protecting People and the Environment"

Speak Your Mind!

The NRC has determined that it has confidence in using spent fuel pools for up to 60 years past the closing of a Nuke Plant.    Hmmmm.

They assume that

1) Society won't break down AND loss of knowledge (like there won't be a single CD that shows how dangerous spent fuel is).   Well what if society breaks down, but there is still a CD of knowledge left.   OK!  Their conditions are met, their assumptions were not wrong!
2) Terrorism doesn't need to be considered, it is outside of their scope.
3) They don't consider that "loss of institutional control" will ever happen because "the trend in modern society is toward more awareness and control over issues that pose a risk to humans and their environment."   Yeah Right!
4) They assume that the nuke plant operators will provide continuing financial support for their used fuel "regardless of cost",  can I puke now?
They won't even touch the 8000 lb Gorilla in the Room....The Carrington effect, a large sun storm that wipes out transformers and thus the world wide power grid.   As you may know, if a nuke plant loses power, it melts down, and I mean the reactor AND the fuel pools.

I summarized some of their comments from the PDF (invitation to comment), below, it will make your blood boil.

The comment period is 45 calendar days, from January 3 to February 17, 2012.
You may submit comments via email to or through the U.S. mail:

Christine Pineda, Project Manager
Mailstop EBB-2B2
Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, D.C. 20555-0001

These are some "highlights" from their proposal for an EIS and comments on same.

To prepare for this situation, the Commission updated the NRC’s Waste Confidence decision and rule in December 2010, stating that commercial spent fuel can be stored safely and without significant environmental impacts for at least 60 years beyond the licensed life of any commercial power reactor.

In September of 2011, the State of New York and several other petitioners filed a lawsuit
challenging the 2010 Waste Confidence rule and its related consideration of environmental
impacts. That case (Case No. 11-1045) is currently under consideration before the U.S. Court
of Appeals for the District Of Columbia Circuit.

The NRC, as part of its regulatory oversight,
continually assesses the need for additional safety or security measures. Loss of institutional
control and oversight of spent fuel storage facilities is not viewed as a credible scenario during
the period to be analyzed in the Waste Confidence EIS.

At a recent public meeting on its Waste Confidence update plans,14 the NRC received a request
that it include in the EIS a scenario that accounts for a collapse of society and loss of
government institutions, with a resulting lack of control over, and knowledge about, nuclear
plants and radioactive waste. The staff has considered this suggestion and, as explained
below, is proposing not to include this as one of the analyzed scenarios.

There are
no trends or evidence to suggest that society’s control of spent fuel and highly radioactive waste
will decline in the future or cease to be a government-regulated endeavor.
A NEPA analysis evaluates impacts that are “reasonably foreseeable.” For the Waste
Confidence EIS, this includes impacts associated with each of the four scenarios proposed in
this report. It may also include impacts from reasonably foreseeable scenarios that have not yet
been identified. The request to include a societal-collapse scenario would require an analysis of
the impacts of storage under a highly speculative scenario in which societal institutions,
knowledge, and controls no longer exist. However, as described above, the trend in modern
society is toward more awareness and control over issues that pose a risk to humans and their
environment. The staff concludes that a loss of societal structures and the associated
knowledge base is not reasonably foreseeable and, in fact, is highly unlikely to occur within the
200-year timeframe to be considered in the EIS.

The Waste Confidence EIS will also assume that the current structure of financial assurance for
spent fuel storage will continue to exist. The responsible entities will provide the necessary
financial resources for operating, securing, and maintaining storage facilities for extended
periods of time, regardless of cost.

In 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that NEPA requires an examination
of the environmental impacts resulting from an act of terrorism against a dry cask storage
facility.15 However, outside of the Ninth Circuit, the Commission has adhered to its traditional
position that the environmental effects of a terrorist attack do not need to be considered in its
NEPA analyses.16 In 2009, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit upheld the
Commission’s position that terrorist attacks are too far removed from the natural or expected
consequences of agency action to require an environmental impact analysis.17 Even so, and
without a definitive ruling that would resolve the split between the Circuit Courts on this issue,
this EIS will include a discussion of terrorism that the NRC believes satisfies the Ninth Circuit’s
holding in Mothers for Peace. The staff plans to consider the environmental impacts of
terrorism related to storage and transportation at a generic level.